What to consider when deciding to work abroad.
milion people are in forced labour exploitation*
Indicators of labor exploitation:
– fraud and abuse of worker vulnerability;
– restriction of freedom of movement;
– seclusion, intimidation or threats;
– physical or sexual violence;
– confiscation of identity documents;
– debt bondage or non-payment of wages;
– abusive working and/or accommodation conditions;
– excessive overtime work.
*Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage
9 THINGS TO BE AWARE OF
Make sure you’re informed about ways you can avoid labour exploitation.
The employer is not allowed to withhold identity documents. It is good to have copies of them on hand, to present them when needed. The only bodies that can legitimize you are those belonging to the police.
The employment contract is binding and must be signed in a language the worker knows or in his native language. A copy of it must be kept by the employee.
The protective equipment must be provided free of charge by the employer, and the labor protection instruction is mandatory and must be given in a language known to the employee.
LOCATION & CONTACT
Make sure you know the exact location and contact number of the workplace you are going to. Check these coordinates before you leave the country, either using the Internet (Google, Maps, etc.) or by calling beforehand to confirm these details.
Memorize a phone number of a person or institution that you can call in an emergency. Make sure you know the area code of the country you will be calling. Such a contact can be the diplomatic mission in the country where you are going.
Make sure you use approved sites to find job offers. For example, EURES or recruitment agencies registered with the Ministry of Labour. Individuals cannot broker job offers and cannot charge fees for this service.
Set up a security password with a family member or friend who you will talk to regularly (otherwise they would contact the police).
This password, a simple phrase, must be one that is very easy to slip into a normal conversation. For example, when that person asks how you are or what you’re doing, you can say positive things, even if they’re not true, followed by the safety phrase ‘but, my table hurts’ – this phrase will communicate the need for help without alerting the person threatening you
Find out if there is an anti-trafficking hotline in the country where you will be working.
Make sure you know which is the closest point of the Romanian diplomatic mission in the country you are in (embassy or consulate). Write down your address, website and contact number and consult the available information before you leave.